Este error me sucedió al reiniciar Laragon varias veces con el botón "Detener" e "Iniciar Servidor" y esto pasa porque Laragon no apago correctamente el servidor MySQL en alguna de las veces que lo hice y eso genero errores en las tablas.

El error completo es el siguiente:

Cannot find checkpoint record at LSN (1,0x18880)
2022-04-05  9:19:49 0 [ERROR] mysqld: Aria recovery failed. Please run aria_chk -r on all Aria tables (*.MAI) and delete all aria_log.######## files
2022-04-05  9:19:49 0 [ERROR] Plugin 'Aria' init function returned error.
2022-04-05  9:19:49 0 [ERROR] Plugin 'Aria' registration as a STORAGE ENGINE failed.
InnoDB: using atomic writes.
2022-04-05  9:19:49 0 [Note] InnoDB: Uses event mutexes
2022-04-05  9:19:49 0 [Note] InnoDB: Compressed tables use zlib 1.2.11
2022-04-05  9:19:49 0 [Note] InnoDB: Number of pools: 1
2022-04-05  9:19:49 0 [Note] InnoDB: Using SSE4.2 crc32 instructions
2022-04-05  9:19:49 0 [Note] InnoDB: Initializing buffer pool, total size = 134217728, chunk size = 134217728
2022-04-05  9:19:49 0 [Note] InnoDB: Completed initialization of buffer pool
2022-04-05  9:19:49 0 [Note] InnoDB: 128 rollback segments are active.
2022-04-05  9:19:49 0 [Note] InnoDB: Creating shared tablespace for temporary tables
2022-04-05  9:19:49 0 [Note] InnoDB: Setting file '.\ibtmp1' size to 12 MB. Physically writing the file full; Please wait ...
2022-04-05  9:19:49 0 [Note] InnoDB: File '.\ibtmp1' size is now 12 MB.
2022-04-05  9:19:49 0 [Note] InnoDB: 10.5.4 started; log sequence number 6197805330; transaction id 5873622
2022-04-05  9:19:49 0 [Note] InnoDB: Loading buffer pool(s) from D:\laragon\data\mariadb-10.5\ib_buffer_pool
2022-04-05  9:19:49 0 [Note] Plugin 'FEEDBACK' is disabled.
2022-04-05  9:19:49 0 [ERROR] Could not open mysql.plugin table: "Unknown storage engine 'Aria'". Some plugins may be not loaded
2022-04-05  9:19:49 0 [ERROR] Failed to initialize plugins.
2022-04-05  9:19:49 0 [ERROR] Aborting

Para solucionarlo vamos a la carpeta de MySQL / MariaDB donde están las bases de datos, en mi caso es esta:

D:\laragon\data\mariadb-10.5

Ahora eliminamos los archivos que empiezan por "aria_log.******" y "aria_log_control"

Después de esto reiniciamos MySQL o MariaDB y ya debería de funcionar con normalidad.